Aqueous droplets used as enzymatic microreactors and their electromagnetic actuation

  • For the successful implementation of microfluidic reaction systems, such as PCR and electrophoresis, the movement of small liquid volumes is essential. In conventional lab-on-a-chip-platforms, solvents and samples are passed through defined microfluidic channels with complex flow control installations. The droplet actuation platform presented here is a promising alternative. With it, it is possible to move a liquid drop (microreactor) on a planar surface of a reaction platform (lab-in-a-drop). The actuation of microreactors on the hydrophobic surface of the platform is based on the use of magnetic forces acting on the outer shell of the liquid drops which is made of a thin layer of superhydrophobic magnetite particles. The hydrophobic surface of the platform is needed to avoid any contact between the liquid core and the surface to allow a smooth movement of the microreactor. On the platform, one or more microreactors with volumes of 10 µL can be positioned and moved simultaneously. The platform itself consists of a 3 x 3 matrix of electrical double coils which accommodate either neodymium or iron cores. The magnetic field gradients are automatically controlled. By variation of the magnetic field gradients, the microreactors' magnetic hydrophobic shell can be manipulated automatically to move the microreactor or open the shell reversibly. Reactions of substrates and corresponding enzymes can be initiated by merging the microreactors or bringing them into contact with surface immobilized catalysts.

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Metadaten
Author:Huschyar Al-Kaidy, Kai Kuthan, Thomas Hering, Nils Tippkötter
Parent Title (English):Journal of Visualized Experiments
Document Type:Video
Language:English
Year of Completion:2016
Date of the Publication (Server):2017/08/16
Issue:This article has been accepted and is currently in production
Link:https://www.jove.com/video/54643/aqueous-droplets-used-as-enzymatic-microreactors-their
Zugriffsart:weltweit
Institutes:FH Aachen / Fachbereich Chemie und Biotechnologie

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