Adsorption of fatty acids to layered double hydroxides in aqueous systems

  • Due to their anion exchange characteristics, layered double hydroxides (LDHs) are suitable for the detoxification of aqueous, fatty acid containing fermentation substrates. The aim of this study is to examine the adsorption mechanism, using crude glycerol from plant oil esterification as a model system. Changes in the intercalation structure in relation to the amount of fatty acids adsorbed are monitored by X-ray diffraction and infra-red spectroscopy. Additionally, calcination of LDH is investigated in order to increase the binding capacity for fatty acids. Our data propose that, at ambient temperature, fatty acids can be bound to the hydrotalcite by adsorption or in addition by intercalation, depending on fatty acid concentration. The adsorption of fatty acids from crude glycerol shows a BET-like behavior. Above a fatty acid concentration of 3.5 g L−1, intercalation of fatty acids can be shown by the appearance of an increased interlayer spacing. This observation suggests a two phase adsorption process. Calcination of LDHs allows increasing the binding capacity for fatty acids by more than six times, mainly by reduction of structural CO32−.

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Author:Sebastian Wiesen, Nils Tippkötter, Kai Muffler, Kirstin Suck, Ulrich Sohling, Friedrich Ruf, Roland Ulber
Parent Title (English):Adsorption
Document Type:Article
Year of Completion:2015
Date of the Publication (Server):2017/08/18
First Page:459
Last Page:466
Institutes:FH Aachen / Fachbereich Chemie und Biotechnologie

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