Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy as an elegant tool for a complete quality control of crude heparin material

  • Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectrometric methods for the quantitative analysis of pure heparin in crude heparin is proposed. For quantification, a two-step routine was developed using a USP heparin reference sample for calibration and benzoic acid as an internal standard. The method was successfully validated for its accuracy, reproducibility, and precision. The methodology was used to analyze 20 authentic porcine heparinoid samples having heparin content between 4.25 w/w % and 64.4 w/w %. The characterization of crude heparin products was further extended to a simultaneous analysis of these common ions: sodium, calcium, acetate and chloride. A significant, linear dependence was found between anticoagulant activity and assayed heparin content for thirteen heparinoids samples, for which reference data were available. A Diffused-ordered NMR experiment (DOSY) can be used for qualitative analysis of specific glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) in heparinoid matrices and, potentially, for quantitative prediction of molecular weight of GAGs. NMR spectrometry therefore represents a unique analytical method suitable for the simultaneous quantitative control of organic and inorganic composition of crude heparin samples (especially heparin content) as well as an estimation of other physical and quality parameters (molecular weight, animal origin and activity).

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Author:Yulia Monakhova, Bernd W.K. Diehl
Parent Title (English):Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
Document Type:Article
Year of Completion:2022
Date of the Publication (Server):2022/09/12
Tag:Crude heparin; Heparin; Ions; NMR spectroscopy; USP
Issue:Article number: 114915
Institutes:FH Aachen / Fachbereich Chemie und Biotechnologie