Influence of slab deflection on the out-of-plane capacity of unreinforced masonry partition walls

  • Severe damage of non-structural elements is noticed in previous earthquakes, causing high economic losses and posing a life threat for the people. Masonry partition walls are one of the most commonly used non-structural elements. Therefore, their behaviour under earthquake loading in out-of-plane (OOP) direction is investigated by several researches in the past years. However, none of the existing experimental campaigns or analytical approaches consider the influence of prior slab deflection on OOP response of partition walls. Moreover, none of the existing construction techniques for the connection of partition walls with surrounding reinforced concrete (RC) is investigated for the combined slab deflection and OOP loading. However, the inevitable time-dependent behaviour of RC slabs leads to high values of final slab deflections which can further influence boundary conditions of partition walls. Therefore, a comprehensive study on the influence of slab deflection on the OOP capacity of masonry partitions is conducted. In the first step, experimental tests are carried out. Results of experimental tests are further used for the calibration of the numerical model employed for a parametric study. Based on the results, behaviour under combined loading for different construction techniques is explained. The results show that slab deflection leads either to severe damage or to a high reduction of OOP capacity. Existing practical solutions do not account for these effects. In this contribution, recommendations to overcome the problems of combined slab deflection and OOP loading on masonry partition walls are given. Possible interaction of in-plane (IP) loading, with the combined slab deflection and OOP loading on partition walls, is not investigated in this study.

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Author:Bogdan Šakić, Marko Marinković, Christoph Butenweg, Sven Klinkel
Parent Title (English):Engineering Structures
Place of publication:Amsterdam
Editor:J. Yang
Document Type:Article
Year of Completion:2023
Date of the Publication (Server):2023/01/20
Tag:Earthquake; Masonry partition walls; Out-of-plane capacity; Slab deflection
Institutes:FH Aachen / Fachbereich Energietechnik
collections:Verlag / Elsevier