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Organization Routines in Next Generation Manufacturing

  • Next Generation Manufacturing promises significant improvements in performance, productivity, and value creation. In addition to the desired and projected improvements regarding the planning, production, and usage cycles of products, this digital transformation will have a huge impact on work, workers, and workplace design. Given the high uncertainty in the likelihood of occurrence and the technical, economic, and societal impacts of these changes, we conducted a technology foresight study, in the form of a real-time Delphi analysis, to derive reliable future scenarios featuring the next generation of manufacturing systems. This chapter presents the organization dimension and describes each projection in detail, offering current case study examples and discussing related research, as well as implications for policy makers and firms. Specifically, we highlight seven areas in which the digital transformation of production will change how we work, how we organize the work within a company, how we evaluate these changes, and how employment and labor rights will be affected across company boundaries. The experts are unsure whether the use of collaborative robots in factories will replace traditional robots by 2030. They believe that the use of hybrid intelligence will supplement human decision-making processes in production environments. Furthermore, they predict that artificial intelligence will lead to changes in management processes, leadership, and the elimination of hierarchies. However, to ensure that social and normative aspects are incorporated into the AI algorithms, restricting measurement of individual performance will be necessary. Additionally, AI-based decision support can significantly contribute toward new, socially accepted modes of leadership. Finally, the experts believe that there will be a reduction in the workforce by the year 2030.

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Author:Philipp Brauner, Luisa Vervier, Florian Brillowski, Hannah Dammers, Linda Steuer-DankertORCiD, Sebastian Schneider, Ralph Baier, Martina Ziefle, Thomas Gries, Carmen Leicht-Scholten, Alexander Mertens, Saskia K. Nagel
Parent Title (English):Forecasting Next Generation Manufacturing
Place of publication:Cham
Document Type:Part of a Book
Year of Completion:2022
Date of the Publication (Server):2022/09/27
First Page:75
Last Page:94
Institutes:FH Aachen / Fachbereich Energietechnik
collections:Verlag / Springer