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Unsteady flow measurements in the wake behind a wind-tunnel car model by using high-speed planar PIV

  • This study investigates unsteady characteristics of the wake behind a 28%-scale car model in a wind tunnel using highspeed planar particle image velocimetry (PIV). The car model is based on a hatchback passenger car that is known to have relatively high fluctuations in its aerodynamic loads. This study primarily focuses on the lateral motion of the flow on the horizontal plane to determine the effect of the flow motion on the straight-line stability and the initial steering response of the actual car on a track. This paper first compares the flow fields in the wake behind the above mentioned model obtained using conventional and high-speed planar PIV, with sampling frequencies of 8 Hz and 1 kHz, respectively. Large asymmetrically coherent flow structures, which fluctuate at frequencies below 2 Hz, are observed in the results of highspeed PIV measurements, whereas conventional PIV is unable to capture these features of the flow owing to aliasing. This flow pattern with a laterally swaying motion is represented by opposite signs of cross-correlation coefficients of streamwise velocity fluctuations for the two sides of the car model. Effects of two aerodynamic devices that are known to reduce the fluctuation levels of the aerodynamic loads are then extensively investigated. The correlation analyses reveal that these devices indeed reduce the fluctuation levels of the flow and the correlation values around the rear combination-lamp, but it is found that the effects of these devices are different around the c-pillar.

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Author:Masaki Nakagawa, Frank Michaux, Stephan Kallweit, Kazuhiro Maeda
Parent Title (English):11TH International Symposium on Particle Image Velocimetry – PIV15 Santa Barbara, California, September 14-16, 2015
Document Type:Conference Proceeding
Year of Completion:2015
Publishing Institution:Fachhochschule Aachen
Date of the Publication (Server):2016/02/17
Length:21 S.
Institutes:FH Aachen / Fachbereich Maschinenbau und Mechatronik