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On the determination of harmonic propeller loads

  • Dynamic loads significantly impact the structural design of propeller blades due to fatigue and static strength. Since propellers are elastic structures, deformations and aerodynamic loads are coupled. In the past, propeller manufacturers established procedures to determine unsteady aerodynamic loads and the structural response with analytical steady-state calculations. According to the approach, aeroelastic coupling primarily consists of torsional deformations. They neglect bending deformations, deformation velocities, and inertia terms. This paper validates the assumptions above for a General Aviation propeller and a lift propeller for urban air mobility or large cargo drones. Fully coupled reduced-order simulations determine the dynamic loads in the time domain. A quasi-steady blade element momentum approach transfers loads to one-dimensional finite beam elements. The simulation results are in relatively good agreement with the analytical method for the General Aviation propeller but show increasing errors for the slender lift propeller. The analytical approach is modified to consider the induced velocities. Still, inertia and velocity proportional terms play a significant role for the lift propeller due to increased elasticity. The assumption that only torsional deformations significantly impact the dynamic loads of propellers is not valid. Adequate determination of dynamic loads of such designs requires coupled aeroelastic simulations or advanced analytical procedures.

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Author:Felix MöhrenORCiD, Ole BergmannORCiD, Frank Janser, Carsten BraunORCiD
Parent Title (English):AIAA SCITECH 2023 Forum
Document Type:Conference Proceeding
Year of Completion:2023
Date of the Publication (Server):2023/03/07
Length:12 Seiten
AIAA SCITECH 2023 Forum, 23-27 January 2023, National Harbor, MD & Online
Institutes:FH Aachen / Fachbereich Luft- und Raumfahrttechnik