Biotechnology of Microorganisms from Coal Environments: From Environmental Remediation to Energy Production

  • It was generally believed that coal sources are not favorable as live-in habitats for microorganisms due to their recalcitrant chemical nature and negligible decomposition. However, accumulating evidence has revealed the presence of diverse microbial groups in coal environments and their significant metabolic role in coal biogeochemical dynamics and ecosystem functioning. The high oxygen content, organic fractions, and lignin-like structures of lower-rank coals may provide effective means for microbial attack, still representing a greatly unexplored frontier in microbiology. Coal degradation/conversion technology by native bacterial and fungal species has great potential in agricultural development, chemical industry production, and environmental rehabilitation. Furthermore, native microalgal species can offer a sustainable energy source and an excellent bioremediation strategy applicable to coal spill/seam waters. Additionally, the measures of the fate of the microbial community would serve as an indicator of restoration progress on post-coal-mining sites. This review puts forward a comprehensive vision of coal biodegradation and bioprocessing by microorganisms native to coal environments for determining their biotechnological potential and possible applications.

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Author:Nuraly S. AkimbekovORCiD, Digel IlyaORCiD, Kuanysh T. TastambekORCiD, Adel K. Marat, Moldir A. TuraliyevaORCiD, Gulzhan K. Kaiyrmanova
DOI:https://doi.org/10.3390/biology11091306
ISSN:2079-7737
Parent Title (English):Biology
Publisher:MDPI
Place of publication:Basel
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Year of Completion:2022
Date of first Publication:2022/09/02
Date of the Publication (Server):2023/01/25
Volume:11
Issue:9
Length:47 Seiten
Note:
This article belongs to the Special Issue "Microbial Ecology and Evolution in Extreme Environments"
Link:https://doi.org/10.3390/biology11091306
Zugriffsart:weltweit
Institutes:FH Aachen / Fachbereich Medizintechnik und Technomathematik
FH Aachen / IfB - Institut für Bioengineering
collections:Open Access
Verlag / MDPI
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung